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CMJ 191 Criminology

This guide was created for CMJ 191's research paper on a serial killer's crime typology.

Common Citation Questions

How to cite a photograph:

Photographer, P. (Year of publication). Title of photograph [Photograph]. Source. URL

Ryan, S. (2019). [Sea smoke on Lake Michigan] [Photograph] New York Times.

Note: if the photograph does not have a title, describe the photograph and put that description in square brackets. In most cases you won't know the photographer's name. I would recommend doing the following in that case:

[Sea smoke on Lake Michigan] [Photograph] New York Times.


Citation information retrieved from